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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王肇偉(2013)。從永續發展面向看歐盟汽車減排政策制定過程之爭議研究-以合法化過程為例。長庚人文社會學報,6(2),347-390。
  2. 林奇蓉、陳佩琳(2013)。環境政策與生產結構。應用經濟論叢,94,39-73。
  3. 林福來、彭建章、劉春蘭(2008)。匯率波動對美國出口的影響-ARDL共整合分析法的應用。人文暨社會科學期刊,4(2),1-9。
  4. 柳育林(2011)。燃油效率與汽車需求:以國產新車市場為例。國立中央大學產業經濟所,桃園縣。
  5. 劉婉柔(2013)。我國主要市場機制減碳政策之模擬分析與政策建議。台灣經濟研究月刊,36(12),64-77。
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