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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 148 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王冠智。「台北市立圖書館人員教育訓練之研究」。國立台灣大學圖書資訊研究所,碩士論文,民93年。
  2. 董小菁。大學圖書館利用指導之規劃—以國立台灣大學文學院圖書分館為例。台北市:漢美,民84年。
  3. 董小菁。「國立臺灣大學文學院圖書分館利用指導之規劃:教學設計理論之應用」。國立台灣大學圖書館學研究所,碩士論文,民83年。
  4. 吳明德。「大學圖書館電子資源館藏發展之研究」。大學圖書館 3卷2期(民88年4月),頁4-28。
  5. 吳雅慧、吳明德合著。「電子期刊使用研究─以國立臺灣大學電機資訊學院及文學院為例」。國家圖書館館刊92卷1期(民92年4月):頁169-196。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃瀞瑩(2012)。公共圖書館電子書推廣服務決策之個案研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2012。1-102。 
  2. 蕭秀琴(2007)。高中生對高中圖書館推廣服務方案滿意度之研究:以臺北市立和平高中「圖書館出走」活動為例。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-86。
  3. 趙育群(2010)。技專校院讀者觀看圖書館海報之影響因素及其參加推廣活動意向之研究。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-81。
  4. 陳莞捷(2011)。公共圖書館兒童電子書推廣活動之研究。政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所學位論文。2011。1-167。
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