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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 吳慧瑛(2003),「二十年來教育發展之經濟評估」,臺灣經濟預測與政策,33:
  2. 4. 林金源、朱雲鵬(2002),「台灣跨期薪資所得不均度之研究:因素分析法的應用」,經濟論文,30:3,341-361
  3. 5. 林金源、朱雲鵬(2003),「移轉所得對台灣所得分配的影響」,人文及社會科學集刊,15:3,501-538
  4. 6. 曹添旺(1996),「台灣家庭所得不均度的分解與變化試析,1980~1993」,人文及社會科學集刊,8:2,181-219
  5. 7. 曹添旺、陳建良、陳隆華(2006),「國際化對台灣製造業男性工資差異之影響」,人文及社會科學集刊,18:2,343-383
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 魏敏芳(2015)。臺灣農家所得及不均度之決定因素:兼論老年農民福利津貼之政策效果。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2015。1-69。 
  2. 李珠琦(2016)。臺灣婚姻循環的所得重分配效果分析。逢甲大學財稅學系學位論文。2016。1-62。 
  3. 何宜賢(2016)。臺灣房地產對於貧富差距的影響。臺北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系學位論文。2016。1-66。
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