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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王宏仁(1999)。“一九五0年代的台灣階級結構與流動初探”。台灣社會研究季刊,pp.1-43。
    2. 周建張(2002)。“新竹科學園區廠商選擇進出口運輸方式之決策模式”。 海運研究學刊第十三期。13: pp.39-46。
    3. 莊奕琦、李鈞元(2003)。“如何衡量人力資本:理論與台灣實證”。經濟論文叢刊。31(1): pp.51-85。
    4. 陳建志(2002)。“人力資本差異或性別歧視?就業市場性階層化之探討”。人文及社會科學集刊,14(3): pp.363-407。
    5. 陳淑美、張金鶚(2004)。“家戶就業結構與通勤選擇之變遷分析─論1990年和2000年間台北市的變化”。都市與計劃,31(4): pp.295-312。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳冠霖(2014)。跨代社會流動─以台灣資料實證分析。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2014。1-60。 
    2. 張夏鳳(2014)。母親職業對國中子女學習表現的影響。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2014。1-71。 
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