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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王美鴻。「Michael Gorman 1941--」。大學圖書館2卷2期(1998年4月)。(2009年7月18日)。
  2. 李明錦。「書目供應中心與書目網路發展對美國圖書館進行合作編目之影響」。大學圖書館第一卷第一期(1997),頁103-122。
  3. 林呈潢。「現代圖書館目錄的功能與角色」。大學圖書館第2卷第2期(1998年4月),頁62-82。(2009年7月12日)
  4. 林淑芬。「書目紀錄品質控制之探討」。臺北市立圖書館館訊第19:1(民90年9月),頁70-82。
  5. 張慧銖。「全國圖書書目資訊網(NBINET)採用FRBR模式之可行性研究」。圖書資訊學研究 1:2 (2007年6月),頁33-53。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡麗珠(2015)。FRBR模式應用於期刊書目關係之建立。中興大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2015。1-127。 
  2. 陳緯宏(2012)。以Bigram索引為特徵並應用粒子群最佳化群集法提升效能之書目檢索。大同大學資訊經營學系所學位論文。2012。1-51。
  3. 林瑋琦(2016)。以作業基礎成本制導入大學圖書館書目控制工作─以某大學圖書館為例。中興大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2016。1-142。
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