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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李永展、陳安琪(1999),「應用生態足跡分析探討貿易對永續發展之影響」,都市與計畫第二十六卷,第二期,pp.133-151。
  2. 李永展、陳安琪(2001),「臺中都會區都市永續性之衡量-生態足跡分析法之應用」,國立臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究學報,第10期,pp.1-17。
  3. 范怡萱(2010),「以生態足跡模式評估科學園區環境永續性之比較分析」,國立中興大學應用經濟學系研究所碩士論文。
  4. 陳永坤(2008),「臺灣環境永續發展評估指標之建立與應用研究」,國立成功大學資源工程學系博士論文。
  5. 劉彥蘭(2004),1990~2003年臺灣能源生態足跡推估與能源效益分析研究,臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所碩士論文。
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