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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 6. 賴同一(1999)。影響唐菖蒲花卉農民對成立產地推展主體意願之因素研究。國立中興大學農業推廣教育研究所碩士論文。未出版。
    2. 9. 蕭崑杉(2006)農業產業文化推廣策略之研究,農業推廣學報,21期,台北。
    3. 10. 陳正輝、張錦秀、蔣憲國(2006)。台灣鹿谷鄉茶葉產地形成之分析。中華農學會報。7(2),115-132。
    4. 11. 詹億祥(2008)。農民組織建構農產品地區品牌歷程之研究。國立中興大學生物產業推廣暨經營學系碩士論文。台中市。
    5. 12. 賴建都(2009)。國產水果品牌形象設計曁行銷推廣之研究。中華印刷科技年報2009: 423-440。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 周佩姍(2016)。霧峰區農會建構益全香米品牌之研究。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2016。1-69。
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