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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 甘偉航 (1968) 潮風對於防風林中樹木之影響。林業試驗所試驗報告 No.161號 24頁。
  2. 何坤益、陳財輝、楊政川 (2001) 木賊葉木麻黃原生種源之型態系
  3. 林國銓、黃吳清標,劉哲政 (1997) 福山試驗林天然闊葉樹之物候現象。台
  4. Awang, K. (1992) A guide for research cooperators in the international provenance trials of Casuarina equisetifolia. Manual Number 6. F/FRED, WINROK.
  5. Bawa, K. S. (1983) Patterns of flowering in tropical plant. In Jones C. E. and R.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 盧守謙(2011)。臺中港防風林區林火行為之研究。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2011。1-341。 
  2. 林睿思(2007)。台中港區木麻黃天然更新可行性之研究。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2007。1-62。 
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