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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹仕凡。2004。灰頭鷦鶯鳴唱聲的地理變異。臺灣大學生態學與演化生物學研究所碩士論文。台北市。
  2. 蔡育倫。2004。藪鳥(Liocichla steerii)鳴唱聲的地理變異。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所碩士論文。台北市。
  3. Bainard, M.S., and Doupe, A.J. 2002. What songbirds teach us about learning. Nature 417: 351–358.
  4. Barlow, H.B. 1981. Critical limiting factors in the design of the eye and visual cortex. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 212(1186): 1–34.
  5. Birkhead, T.R., Burke, T., Zann, R.A., Hunter, F.M., and Krupa, A.P. 1990. Extrapair paternity and intraspecific brood parasitismin wild zebra finches, Taeniopygia guttata, revealed by DNA fingerprinting. Behavioral Ecology Sociobiology 27: 315–324.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳奕全(2017)。蟬聲對鳥類鳴唱行為的干擾。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2017。1-94。 
  2. 張育慈(2008)。環境因子影響台灣夜鷹族群密度及個體活動之探究。中興大學生命科學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-57。
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