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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 20 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5、沈宇晟(2005)。鋼筋裁切問題之啟發式解法。國立成功大學土木工程學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 7、李冠廷(2007)。質群演算法應用於鋼筋裁切最佳化問題之研究。淡江大學土木工程學系碩士論文。
  3. 8、張瀚文(2005)。鋼筋裁切順序最佳化模式。國立成功大學土木工程學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 11、陳同孝、陳雨霖、劉明山、許文綬、林志強、邱永興(2006)。結合K-means及階層式分群法之二階段分群演算法。電腦學刊第十七卷第一期,p67。
  5. 17、內政部營建署(2007)。中華民國96年營造業經濟概況調查報告,p24。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 姜釋涵(2017)。基樁工程鋼筋籠搭接位置最佳化研究。中興大學土木工程學系所學位論文。2017。1-53。
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