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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2、陳駿季,如何落實品種權制度-日本遏止植物品種權侵權行為之執行措施介紹,種苗科技專訊第59期,2007年7月,第2至5頁。
  2. 3、張明郎,我國「植物品種及種苗法」之施行與展望,種苗科技專訊第52期,2005年10月,第2至10頁。
  3. 1、黃昭翰,台灣與美國植物智慧財產權制度之比較研究,國立中興大學科技法律研究所碩士論文,2008年7月,未出版。
  4. 2、宋元明,海關查緝「不法經濟活動」相關問題之研究—以查緝走私為主,中原大學財經法律學系碩士論文,2004年7月,未出版。
  5. 5、高千雯,兩岸植物新品種保護比較-以品種權保護為中心,國立政治大學智慧財產研究所碩士論文,2009年7月,未出版。
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