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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳忠宏、黃文雄、李介祿、李雅鳳 (2007) 旅遊動機、滿意度與忠誠度之模式建構與驗證:以宜蘭賞鯨活動為例。觀光研究學報 13(4):347-367。
  2. 吳忠宏、黃宗成、邱廷亮 (2004) 玉山國家公園遊客旅遊動機、期望、體驗、滿意度與重遊意願之研究。國家公園學報 14(2):23-41。
  3. 宋秉明 (1995) 生態觀光之規劃架構-以綠島為例。觀光研究學報 1(3):45-52。
  4. 李志恭 (2007) 遊客前往情人碼頭旅遊活動之行前期望與實際體驗滿意度分析。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊 6(1):148-161。
  5. 林永森、林博文、周少凱 (2006) 運動與宗教觀光動機、行前期望、重視程度、滿意度與忠誠度之研究。運動休閒餐旅研究 1(2):119-150。
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