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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [4] M. T. M. Tanaka, T. Matsuyama, T. Sawada, S. Tsuda, S. Nakano, H. Hanafusa, Y. Kuwano, "Development of New a-Si / c-Si Heterojunction Solar Cells ACJ-HIT (Artificially Constructed Junction-Heterojunction with Intrinsic Thin Layer)," Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 31, pp. 3518–3522, 1992.
  2. [7] A. T. E. Maruyama, M. Taguchi, Y. Yoshimine, D. Ide, T. Baba, M. Shima, H. Sakata and M. Tanaka, "Sanyo's Challenges to the Development of High-efficiency HIT Solar Cells and the Expansion of HIT Business," IEEE Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, pp. 1455–1460, 2006.
  3. [9] M. Taguchi, E. Maruyama, and M. Tanaka, "Temperature Dependence of Amorphous/Crystalline Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells," Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 47, pp. 814-818, 2008.
  4. [10] A. W. J. Zhao, M. A. Green, "High-efficiency PERL and PERTsilicon solar cells on FZ and MCZ substrates," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 65, pp. 429-435, 2001.
  5. [11] A. S. A. Parretta, P. Tortora, H. Yakubu, P. Maddalena, J. Zhao,A Wang, "Angle-dependent reflectance measurements on photovoltaic materials and solar cells," optics communicatons, vol. 172, pp. 139-151, 1999.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴奎璋(2015)。矽烷化合物的改質於無電鍍鎳(磷)沉積之單晶矽研究。中興大學化學工程學系所學位論文。2015。1-83。 
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