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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] 司徒達賢(1995),策略管理,臺北:遠流出版社。
  2. [4] 巫世榮(2008),國內照明產業永續經營的關鍵成功因素,國立臺北大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  3. [5] 李純櫻(2009),不動產開發案關鍵成功要素之探討—以專案管理觀點,長榮大學碩士論文。
  4. [9] 林宗輝(2006),營造業經營模式關鍵成功因素之研究,國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班論文。
  5. [10] 邱文鎮(2001),策略聯盟類型、關鍵成功因素與競合關係之研究-資源基礎觀點,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邢季恆(2015)。房仲業者從事土地開發業務之關鍵成功因素之研究。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-69。 
  2. 林明忠(2014)。都會區土地開發適宜性因子之探討。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2014。1-99。
  3. 胡儒賢(2014)。機構潤滑油商關鍵成功因素之探討。臺北科技大學管理學院經營管理EMBA專班學位論文。2014。1-70。
  4. 蕭定恆(2016)。第三方支付產業成功競合因子。中興大學行銷學系所學位論文。2016。1-54。
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