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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 行政院勞工委員-職業訓練局,造訪日期:2013年8月17日,
  2. 8. 林芊貝,台灣人力仲介業的發展演進,碩士論文,國立中央大學哲學研究所,桃園,2005。
  3. 9. 吳惠林,「鬆綁外勞政策活絡勞動市場」,就業安全半年刊,行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局,2007,第33-40頁。
  4. 10. 陳三郎,以競爭優勢理論及SWOT分析探討台灣原料藥業之未來策略發展方向-以A公司為例,碩士論文,國立中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班,桃園,2006。
  5. 12. 陳怡旭,從SWOT級五力分析理論探討台灣晶圓代工的競爭策略-以T個案公司為例,碩士論文,國立交通大學高階主管管理碩士,新竹,2010。
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