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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [17] 林志銘,番子田埤迴歸水調查分析與水質改善對策研擬,碩士論文,國立成功大學水利及海洋工程學系專班,台南,2006。
  2. [19] 吳正宗,認識化學肥料,臺南區農業改良場技術專刊,第132期,2005,第24-64頁。
  3. [20] 吳添益、蔡政賢、張素真,水稻合理化施肥技術,苗栗區農業專訊,42期, 2008,2-4頁。
  4. [24] 徐輝明、趙紹錚,農業區坡地土壤特性調查分析,財團法人台北市七星農田水利研究發展基金會,2003。
  5. [27] 陳昆宏,應用土壤水分及氮平珩藕合模式評估坡地水稻田氮汙染潛勢,碩士論文,台北科技大學大學土木及防災研究所,台北,2010。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林子喬(2013)。不同灌溉制度對地下水補注之影響評估。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2013。1-77。 
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