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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3]李明憲,全球運籌服務之模式研究-以汽車產業以及精密機械產業應用為例,碩士論文,國立清華大學工業工程與工程管理研究所,新竹,2006。
  2. [7]洪瑗伶,兩岸分工之國際運籌模式分析-以汽車產業為例,碩士論文,國立清華大學工業工程與工程管理研究所,新竹,2008。
  3. [8]高章莉,台商製造業在中國大陸物流需求之研究,碩士論文,國立成功大學交通管理科學系,台南,2006。
  4. [15]賴銘崑,機電工程業跨國營運模式規劃之研究,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所,台北,2009。
  5. [29]G. Buyukozkan, O. Feyzioglu and M. S. Ersoy, "Evaluation of 4PL Operating Models: A Decision Making Approach Based on 2-additive Choquet integral," International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 121, no. 1, 2009, pp. 112-120.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 戴煒庭(2014)。供應鏈一站式物流服務模式設計與分析。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系學位論文。2014。1-143。 
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