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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2].陳柏志,《植基於紅外線影像分析技術之居家廚房火災偵測系統》,台北:國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系研究所碩士論文,2008。
  2. [3].劉豐壽,《台灣之兩岸發展優選策略之研究-應用層級分析法》,台北:國立政治大學國家安全與大陸研究碩士在職專班碩士論文,2006。
  3. [4].林芳昌,《防火管理制度之推展-檢討與建議》,桃園,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,2002。
  4. [19].UL300-1996.Standard for fire testing of fire extinguishing system, for protection of restaurant cooking areas.
  5. [1].賴聰穎,《建築物消防安全設備維護管理品質之研究-以某大型購物中心為例》,台中,私立逢甲大學土木與工程學系碩士論文,2009。
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