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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [11] 吳明隆 (2006)。SPSS統計應用學習實務,知城數位科技股份有限公司,台北。
  2. [14] 岳修平、楊燿州、陳俊宇、李宜儒、周彥良、呂姿儀、徐暐智(2010)。高齡者使用數位化產品之使用性初探研究-以「智慧藥盒與服藥提醒系統」為例。理工設計學報。第44卷,第1期。pp.35∼49。
  3. [15] 李傳房、王慈妤 (2007)。從高齡者觀點探討健康食品包裝盒之中文字視認度。設計學報。第3期。pp.33∼44。
  4. [25] Craik, F.I.M., Salthouse, T.A. (2000). The Handbook of Aging and Cognition (2ed ed.). NJ:Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc.
  5. [26] De Vellis, R. F. (1991). Scale Development Theory and Applications. SAGE, London.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張嘉珣(Chia-Hsun Chang);朱莉螢(Li-Ying Ju);王偉靜(Wei-Jing Wang);洪欣棠(Xin-Tang Hong);彭雅微(Ya-Wei Peng);李椗蓉(Ting- Jung Li);張靜雯(Ching-Wein Chang)(2020)。降低高齡病房口服藥物異常領用率。榮總護理。37(3)。260-267。 
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