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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 李季達,「太陽能電池產業發展現況」,財團法人光電科技工業協進會,2000。
  2. [3] 陳婉如,台灣投資PV產業-健全太陽光電產業結構,光連雙月刊,2006,pp.28-31。
  3. [11] D. Vexler, M. Bertram, A. Kapur, S. Spatari and T. E. Graedel, "The contemporary Latin American and Caribbean copper cycle:1 year stocks and flows," Resources, Conversation and Recycling, vol.41, no.1, 2004, pp.23-46.
  4. [13] M. Raugei, S. Bargigli and S. Ulgiati, Life cycle assessment and energy pay-back time of advanced photovoltaic modules: CdTe and CIS compared to poly-Si, ENERGY, 2006, pp.1310–1318.
  5. [15] A. Goetzberger, J. Knobloch and B.Voss, Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells, England: John Wiley & Sons, 1998.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂長育(2013)。稀有資源循環再生利用及戰略儲備之研究。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-128。 
  2. 伍南勳(2011)。發光二極體物質流佈與再生利用技術之研究。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-92。
  3. 許以樂(2017)。使用低品位碳化矽製成環保磚之研究。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2017。1-99。
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