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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [5]. Dickinson, J. and Crofton, F., Human Resource Study of the Canadian Consulting Industry, Ottawa: HRDC, 1994.
  2. [7]. Hwang, C. L. and Lin, M. L., Group Decision Making Under Multiple Criteria Method and Application, Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 1987.
  3. [8]. Klir, G. J. and Folger, T. A., Fuzzy Sets, Uncertainty, and Information, Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall, 1987.
  4. [9]. Klir, G. J. and Yuan, B., Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic: Theory and Applications, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1995.
  5. [11]. Saaty, T. L., The Analytic Hierarchy Process, McGraw-Hill Inc., 1980.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 藍勻薇(2011)。第四方物流BPO服務評估模式之研究。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-144。 
  2. 陳怡錡(2009)。中小企業產業群聚網站之評估模式研究。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-153。 
  3. 葉欣誠(Shin-Cheng Yeh)(2017)。探討環境教育與永續發展教育的發展脈絡。環境教育研究。13(2)。67-109。 
  4. 黃政旭(2013)。工業安全風險因素之分析與探討-以電線電纜公司為例。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-72。
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