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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林敬姬(2003)。韓國高中漢語教科書的語法術語使用以及語法點的排序研究。國立臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 張淑筵(2004)。英語學習策略教學對國中生的學習表現與自我效能之影響。慈濟大學教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 陳郁仁(2009)。臺灣華語文教育全球布局策略之分析。聯大學報6(1),99-115。
  4. 陳偉玲(2005)。由史丹福中心事件看臺灣留學生招收現況。國立臺灣大學新聞研究所碩士論文。
  5. 彭怡寧(2001)。臺灣高中生英語學習動機與學習策略的使用。國立臺灣師範大學英語研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李建鴻(2013)。技專院校僑外生之就讀動機、學習滿意度與職涯發展意向之相關研究-以國立高雄餐旅大學為例。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-194。 
  2. 陳纓元(2012)。臺北市外籍學生使用電腦輔助華語學習現況與意願之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-111。
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