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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 133 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 林斐婷,一般廢棄物暨農林部門產生溫室氣體之探討—以桃園縣為例,碩士論文,國立臺灣大學環境工程學研究所,台北,2008。
  2. [2] 顧洋、申永順,「國際間溫室氣體管理標準化之發展及因應策略」,科學與工程技術期刊,第一卷,第三期,2005,第1-22頁。
  3. [5] 王淑音,「臺灣家禽產業溫室氣體排放估測」,全球變遷通訊雜誌,第47期,2005,第1-5頁。
  4. [6] 楊盛行等,「台灣農業生產時甲烷排放量測及減量對策」,全球變遷通訊雜誌,第40期,2003,第15-35頁。
  5. [9] 陳佳敏,低碳城市溫室氣體減量規劃與管制措施之研究-以A縣市為例,碩士論文,臺北科技大學環境規劃與管理研究所,台北,2010。
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