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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [13] 行政院環保署,95年版環境白皮書,台北:行政院環保署,2006。
  2. [18] R. S.Kaplan and D. P. Norton, " The balanced scorecard: Translating strategy into action, " Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1996.
  3. [19] T. L. Saaty, " The analytic hierarchy process, " New York: McGraw-Hill, 1980.
  4. [27] S. Erdogmus, H. Aras, and E. Koc, "Evaluation of alternative fuels for residential heating in Turkey using analytic network process (ANP) with group decision-making," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 10, 2006, pp. 269-279.
  5. [28] J. J. Huang, G. H. Tzeng, and C. S. Ong, "Multidimensional data in multidimensional scaling using the analytic network process," Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 26, 2005, pp. 755-767.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古軒容(2014)。廢溶液回收產業之管理關鍵因素探討。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-77。 
  2. 黃清松(2009)。垃圾減量對焚化廠營運影響之研究—以台北市木柵焚化廠為例。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-120。
  3. 吳廣玉(2009)。廢棄物進廠管制與管理機制之研究—以新竹市焚化廠為例。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-141。
  4. 黃政旭(2013)。工業安全風險因素之分析與探討-以電線電纜公司為例。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-72。
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