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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 林繼勇 簡禎富* 胡志翰,紫式決策分析以建構液晶原料廠製程確效評估模式,品質學報Vol. 15, No. 5 ,2008,,p385-398.
  2. 3. Ahti A. Salo” Interactive decision aiding for group decision support “European Journal of Operational Research, Volume 84, Issue 1, 7 July 1995, Pages 134-149
  3. 4. Ahti A. Salo and Raimo P. Hämäläinen,” Preference ratios in multiattribute evaluation (PRIME)-elicitation and decision procedures under incomplete information” Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and Humans, IEEE Transactions on Nov 2001, p. 533 - 545
  4. 5. Alexander Coman” IPVM: IT support of concurrent product development teams” International Journal of Technology Management, Volume 20, Numbers 3-4 / 2000,p388-404
  5. 6. Bazerman M., Jundgment in Managerial Decision Making, 3rd ed. ,New York:Wiley,1994,p5
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳姿蓉(2013)。確定性與模糊性多準則模式於決策問題差異性之個案探討分析。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2013。1-87。 
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