Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] 王俊傑、陳達仁、黃慕萱(2007)。從專利觀點比較台灣與南韓技術創新能力。政大智慧財產評論
  2. [8] 林丁來(2010)。商標於行銷策略之應用,國立交通大學高階主管管理學程碩士班碩士論文。
  3. [9] 林明緯(2004)。專利分析與專利投資組合建構-以半導體系統單晶片技術為例,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. [13] 梁峻齊(2008)。台灣地區專利指標應用之研究,世新大學資訊傳播學利碩士論文。
  5. [14] 翁順裕、賴奎魁(2009)。從社會網絡分析觀點探討技術的趨同性—以保險商業方法專利為例。管理學報
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張道芳(2014)。企業集團智慧財產權分析-以Unilever與P&G在美國地區為例。臺北科技大學服務與科技管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-136。 
  2. 巫貞穎(2016)。以品牌併購融合歐亞文化之策略:L’OREAL個案研究。淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2016。1-89。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :