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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 林詩彥,鋼鐵價格決定機制及影響因素分析,碩士論文,中原大學國際貿易研究所,桃園,2006。
  2. 6. 謝明瑞,台灣鋼鐵業的發展,國政研究報告,財團法人國家政策研究基金會,台北,2001。
  3. 7. 郭明洲,鋼鐵冶煉業基本資料,台灣經濟研究會產經資料庫,2012。
  4. 8. 林正暐,台灣鋼鐵產業升級發展策略之研究,碩士論文,國立成功大學資源工程研究所,臺南,2006。
  5. 9. 鄒若齊,台灣鋼鐵2013,台北:台灣鋼鐵工業同業公會, 2013。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡宗育(2017)。應用人工智慧演算法於單向道路方向規劃問題。虎尾科技大學工業管理系工業工程與管理碩士班學位論文。2017。1-66。
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