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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 邱奕璿,2012,藉由情境分析法發展影像監控即服務的商業模式,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學。
  2. 10. 陳萬富,2012,工程產業變遷與工程公司成長之策略研究-以A工程公司為例,碩士,國立政治大學企業管理學系全球台商班。
  3. 11. 陳德川,2010,從資源依賴的觀點探討組織價值創新:全面解進方案提供者的個案探討,碩士,國立政治大學企業管理學系全球台商班。
  4. 15. 黃聖富,2009,機電空調產業創新營運模式之個案研究,碩士論文,國立臺灣大學管理學院國際企業學研究所。
  5. 18. 趙國帥,2008,M型消費對航空業經營策略之影響,碩士論文,國立政治大學EMBA。
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