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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 165 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江文雄(1996)。技術及職業教育概論。台北:師大書苑。
  2. 陳茂男(2004)。民營老人安養機構永續經營關鍵成功因素之探討。中國文化大
  3. 陳郁翔(2007)。中小型餐館創業人專業能力分析之研究。國立台灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系博士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 葉怡華、葉金華、陳美均(2005)。我國高級中等教育美容科之發展沿革。家政教育學報,7,99-118。
  5. 楊朝祥(1985)。技術及職業教育理論與實務。台北:三民書局。
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭妙羚(2014)。顧客對服務品質的期望與認知之研究–以新娘秘書產業為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-111。 
  2. 鄭安利(2011)。高科技產業創業家創業關鍵成功因素之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-131。 
  3. 黃佳淇(2010)。資訊服務業創業核心能力之研究-以SOHO族為例。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-125。 
  4. 高淑品(2010)。國際廚藝技能競賽選手創造思考歷程之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-155。 
  5. 王惠美(2010)。技術校院美容系科之創業能力研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-414。 
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