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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 164 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部兒童局(2005)。2005年臺閩地區兒童及少年生活狀況調查報告書-少年報告書。臺北市:內政部兒童局。
  2. 林為翰(2003)。大專學生借貸態度研究─自消費文化與人格特質觀點探討。國立成功大學工業與資訊管理學系碩士論文,未出版,臺南市。
  3. 林滿秋(1995)。孩子一生的理財計畫。臺北市:天衛文化。
  4. 胡蘭沁(2000)。國中學生零用錢運用狀況及其零用錢數量多寡相關因素之研究。行政院國家科學委員會研究報告(NSC88-2413-H-024-004)。
  5. 高毓婷(2000)。臺北都會區青少年消費文化初探--以兩所不同社會階級學區的國中為例。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉靜慧(2011)。國中實施理財教育對學生理財素養影響之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-135。
  2. 陳逸任(2012)。台灣兒童暨家庭扶助基金會受扶助青年的社會關係與金錢態度之初探。臺灣師範大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2012。1-108。
  3. 林春如(2014)。國民小學實施理財教育對學童金錢態度影響之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-159。
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