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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. Hammond, A. J.. 'Hydrodynamic and Water Quality Simulation of Fecal Coliforms in the Lower Appomattox River'. Virginia, Master Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA. , 2003.
  2. 8. Prakash Raj Kannela, S. Leea, Y.-S. Leeb, S.R. Kanelc,G.J. Pelletier, 'Application of automated QUAL2Kw for water quality modeling and management in the Bagmati River Nepal' ,Ecological Modelling,vol. 202, 2007, pp.503-517.
  3. 10. Ruibin Zhang, Xin Qian , Huiming Li, Xingcheng Yuan, Rui Ye, 'Selection of optimal river water quality improvement programs using QUAL2K: A case study of Taihu Lake Basin, China, 'Science of the Total Environment,vol. 431, 2012, pp. 278-285.
  4. 13. Xiaomi Zhang, Kenneth R. Rygwelskib Ronald Rossmannb, James J. Pauera, Russell G. Kreis Jr., 'Model construct and calibration of an integrated water quality model (LM2-Toxic) for the Lake Michigan Mass Balance Project',Ecological Modelling,vol. 219, 2008, pp. 92-106.
  5. 17. 邱智慧,徵收水污染防治費對河川水質之影響,碩士論文,國立台灣大學環境工程學研究所,臺北,2006。
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