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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9. IEEE Std. 519-1992, IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Power Systems,” April 12, 1993.
  2. 11. S. M. Halpin, “Comparison of IEEE and IEC Harmonic Standards,” IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2005, pp. 2214–2216.
  3. 14. A. Terciyanli, A. Acik, A. Cetin, M. Ermis, I. Cadirci, C. Ermis, T. Demirci, and H.F. Bilgin, “Power Quality Solutions for Light Rail Public Transportation Systems Fed by Medium Voltage Underground Cables,” Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), Atlanta, GA, 2010, pp.1191 - 1203
  4. 24. 日商丸紅國際股份有限公司交通專案分公司,台灣桃園國際機廠聯外捷運系統建設計畫機電系統統包工程-供電系統-諧波分析,第零版,2008年2月。
  5. 1. 台灣軌道運輸路線列表 (2014, July 22). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved July 10, 2013, from。
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