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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王任昌(民90),教師的職場風險管理—當老師有風險嗎,師友月刊,414,73-76。
  2. 洪嘉文(民89),重視學校運動安全教育—風險管理在學校體育的策略應用。
  3. 施致平(民90),體育運動與法律問題,學校體育雙月刊,第11 卷第3 期,13-19。
  4. 許芳懿(民85),從中午中毒事件看校園危機處理,師友月刊,34,431-33。
  5. 黃順顯(民90),學校體育活動之運動傷害意外事件緊急處理模式,學校體育雙月刊,第11卷第3期,28-30。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王希湘(2008)。臺北市高中職學校校安中心成員對校安事件處理認知之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-154。 
  2. 周家榮(2009)。從國際「安全學校」認證觀點,精進校園安全危機管理之研究─以臺北縣某科技大學為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-367。
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