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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 行政院金融監督管理委員會網站(網址:,2008
  2. [7] 丁兆庭,內部服務品質、員工滿意度與服務行為關係之研究--以中國信託商業銀行總務部為例,碩士論文,國立臺北大學企業管理學系,台北,2008。
  3. [8] 王傑明,主管領導行為、工作特性、工作滿意度與離職傾向之關係研究-以高科技產業員工為例,碩士論文,國立成功大學企業管理研究所,台南,2005。
  4. [10] 劉美惠,競賽理論、企業整併與績效表現:台灣金融服務業之實證研究,碩士論文,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所,桃園,2007。
  5. [12] 黃世忠,組織結構、領導行為、員工個人特質、工作特性與工作滿足關係之研究-以中山科學研究院電子系統研究所為例,碩士論文,中原大學企業管理學系,桃園,2002。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭聰明(2010)。工地主任領導風格與專業能力對工作績效關係之研究。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2010。1-136。
  2. 李妙惠(2011)。智慧型辦公環境之使用與安全管理需求研究。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2011。1-122。
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