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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 16. 張棋祥,中小企業落實ISO 9001品質管理系統運作之問題探討,碩士論文,朝陽科技大學工業工程與管理系,台中市,2013。
  2. 17. 吳俊儀,ISO 9000知識創造模式之探討,博士論文,國立成功大學工業與資訊管理研究所,台南,2005。
  3. 19. 李金茂,企業員工對訓練單位引進ISO制度的滿意度研究-以台電核能訓練中心為例,碩士論文,元智大學管理研究所,桃園,2002。
  4. 21. 黃祖猶,平心論ISO 9001:2008之過程導向與PDCA方法,品質月刊49卷1期,2013,第37-45頁。
  5. 22. 蘇儒昇,汽車零組件業者實施ISO 9001:2008 品質管理系統之營運績效研究-以台南地區為例,碩士論文,長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班,台南,2010。
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