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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 莊珮綺, 兩段式奈米薄膜系統純化/濃縮電鍍製程含鉻廢液及質量傳輸之研究. 碩士論文, 2006. 國立台北科技大學.
  2. 2. Gzara, L. and M. Dhahbi, Removal of chromate anions by micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration using cationic surfactants. Desalination, 2001. 137(1-3): p. 241-250.
  3. 3. Kamble, S.B. and K.V. Marathe, Micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration of chromate [Cr(VI)] ion from aqueous streams by using cationic surfactant. Indian Journal of Chemical Technology, 2005. 12(4): p. 393-400.
  4. 4. Aboulhassan, M.A., et al., Removal of surfactant from industrial wastewaters by coagulation flocculation process. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2006. 3(4): p. 327-332.
  5. 5. Dzyazko, Y.S. and V.N. Belyakov, Purification of a diluted nickel solution containing nickel by a process combining ion exchange and electrodialysis. Desalination, 2004. 162(1-3): p. 179-189.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝承航(2012)。微胞特性分析對微胞輔助薄膜系統 (MEUF) 結合電透析程序回收含鉻廢水之影響。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-131。 
  2. 虞中維(2014)。以微胞加強超過濾系統截留濃縮六價鉻: 陰離子及螯合劑的影響。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-159。
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