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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Chen, Q. Y., Tyrer, M., Hills, C. D., Yang, X. M., Carey, P., “Immobilisation of heavy metal in cement-based solidification/stabilization: A review,” Waste Management, vol. 29, 2009, pp. 390-403.
  2. Cocke, D. L., “The binding chemistry and leaching mechanisms of hazardous substances in cementitious solidification/stabilization systems,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 24, 1990, pp. 231-253.
  3. Conner, J. R., Hoeffner, S. L., “The history of stabilisation/solidification technology,” Critical reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 28, 1998, pp. 325-396.
  4. Counts, J. L., Goodman, J. I., “Alterations in DNA methylation may play a variety of roles in carcinogenesis,” Cell, vol. 83, 1995, pp. 13-15.
  5. Juillot, F., Ildefonse, P., Morin, G., Calas, G., deKersabiec, A. M., Benedetti, M., “Remobilization of arsenic from buried wastes at an industrial site: mineralogical and geochemical control, ” Appled Geochemistry, vol. 14, 1999, pp. 1031-1048.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林建宏(2014)。燃煤電廠固相副產物中重金屬及微量汞之穩定性評估。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-82。 
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