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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [4] 林人傑,青光眼病人視覺功能及健康相關生活品質之相關性探討,碩士論文,國立台灣大學醫療機構管理研究所,台北,2006。
  2. [6] 姚開屏,「簡介與評論常用的一般性健康相關生活品質量表兼談對未來研究的建議」,測驗年刊,第四十七卷,第二期,2000,第11-138頁。
  3. [7] 姚開屏,「健康相關生活品質概念與測驗原理之簡介」,台灣醫學會雜誌,第六卷,第二期,2002,第183-192頁。
  4. [14] 曾旭民、盧瑞芬、蔡益堅,「國人生活品質評量:SF-36台灣版的常模與效度檢測」,台灣公共衛生雜誌,第二十二卷,第六期,2003,第512-518頁。
  5. [15] 程景煜等,台灣地區老人視力與眼及現況,台中市:行政院衛生署國民健康局,2003。
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