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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] The contribution of the transport sector to total emissions of the main air pollutants in 2009 (EEA-32) provided by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (Environment and Human Settlements Division, UNECE),
  2. [3] Mehrdad Ehsani, Yimin Gao and Ali Emadi, Modern Electric Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles Fundamental, Theory, and Design, Second Edition, CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, 2010.
  3. [4] Olszewski, M, “Evaluation of 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Drive System,” Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report FY2006, pg. 1-95, 2006. 76.
  4. [5] Meisel, J., “An analytic foundation for the Toyota Prius THS-II powertrain with a comparison to a strong parallel hybrid-electric powertrain,” SAE paper 2006-01-0666, 2006.
  5. [8] Lin, C., Filipi, Z., Wang, Y., Louca, L., Peng, H., Assanis, D., Stein, J., “Integrated, Feed-Forward Hybrid Electric Vehicle Simulation in SIMULINK and its Use for Power Management Studies,” SAE Paper 2001-01-1334, 2001.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳信儒(2014)。Two Mode 油電混合動力系統之最佳化控制策略。臺北科技大學車輛工程系所學位論文。2014。1-64。 
  2. 林以賢(2015)。延距型複合電動堆高機性能分析。虎尾科技大學車輛工程系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-83。
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