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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 財團法人資訊工業策進會,2010年第二季我國行動上網觀測,數位知識月刊,2010-09。
  2. [2] 張勝茂、高翊峰、陳馨雯,條碼知多少-淺談條碼的演進與二維條碼的應用,生活科技教育月刊,2009。
  3. [12] Gao J. Z、Prakash L. and Jagatesan R,Understanding 2D-BarCode Technology and Applications in M-Commerce-Design and Implementation of A 2D Barcode Processing Solution,31st Annual International Computer Software and Applications Conference,2007。
  4. [13] Ghousia Saeed、Andre Brown、Mike Knight、Martin Winchester,Delivery of pedestrian real-time location and routing information to mobile architectural guide,Automation in Construction,2009。
  5. [17] 陳富川,應用 QR Code 設計手機個人化行動購物系統,大同大學資訊工程研究所碩士論文,2007。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林文茜(2013)。整合二維條碼應用於學校盤點資訊管理之研究。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2013。1-153。
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