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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [27] 吳秋霞,作業基礎成翉制在電視傳播業之應用-以T公司為例,碩士論文,淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班,新北,2010。
  2. [29] 呂佳美、林佩芬、曹瓊文,「高績效人力資源管理措施對工作績效、離職請向之影響~以美髮服務業為例」,美和技術學院學報,第二十七卷,第二期,2008,第95-112頁。
  3. [30] 呂家美、黃佩琪,「美髮服務業員工知覺人力資源管理措施對工作績效之影響~探討員工技能中介效果」,餐旅暨家政學刊,第五卷,第一期,2008,第93-113頁。
  4. [35] 周婉婷,整合式服務創新台灣企業之比較個案研究,碩士論文,清華大學科技管理研究所,新竹,2009。
  5. [36] 邱筱庭,「美髮連鎖業競爭力分析」,美容科技學刊,第八卷,第二期,2011, 第295-318頁。
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