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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] Fred, R. David., Fundamentals of Strategic Management, Merrill. Pub. Co. Columbus. 1986.
  2. [3] Fred, R. David., Strategic Management, 7th ed., Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1998.
  3. [6] Balan, S., Robert, de S., Mark, G., Stephan, M. and Wagner, S.M., "Modeling carbon footprints across the supply chain," International Journal of Production Economics, 2010. doi:10.1016/j.ijpe.2010.01.018
  4. [7] Baldo, G.L., Marino, M., Montani, M. and Ryding, S.O., "The carbon footprint measurement toolkit for the EU Ecolabel," International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol. 14, no. 7, 2009, pp. 591-596.
  5. [9] Bin, S. and Dowlatabadi, H., "Consumer lifestyle approach to US energy use and the related CO2 emissions," Energy Policy, vol. 33, 2005, pp. 197-208.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王孝君(2014)。半導體IC代工產品製程技術之碳足跡分析。交通大學工學院永續環境科技學程學位論文。2014。1-64。 
  2. 郭沛禔(2014)。企業開發金字塔底層市場之創新策略模式研究。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-210。 
  3. 王鐘賢(2012)。國際產品碳足跡標準與案例實證研析。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-246。 
  4. 曾香斐(2011)。綠色工廠框架與清潔生產指標訂定之研究。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-135。 
  5. 毛梅春(2016)。時尚性感服飾裸露程度影響分析 暨設計模式與創作驗證之研究。樹德科技大學生活產品設計系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-236。
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