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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 邱怡瑛,質群演算法於多組解方程最佳化問題之研究,碩士論文,私立元智大學工業工程與管理研究所,中壢,2004。
  2. [2] A. Baykasoglu, “Linguistic-based meta-heuristic optimization model for flexible job shop scheduling,” International Journal of Production Research, vol. 40, no.17, 2002, pp. 4523-4543.
  3. [3] A. Allahverdi and F. S. Al-Anzi, “A PSO and a Tabu search heuristics for the assembly scheduling problem of the two-stage distributed database application,” Computers and Operations Research, vol. 33, no. 4, 2006, pp.1056-1080.
  4. [4] A. Afshar, O. Bozorg Haddad, B. J. Adams and M. A. Mariño, “Honey-bee mating optimization (HBMO) algorithm for optimal reservoir operation.” Journal of The Franklin Institute, vol.344, 2007, pp. 452-462.
  5. [5] A. Rossi and E. Boschi, “A hybrid heuristic to solve the parallel machines job-shop scheduling problem.” Advances in Engineering Software, Italy, August 2007, pp. 118-127
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉俊宏(2010)。應用粒子群演算法求解雙機流程工廠群組排程問題。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-49。
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