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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [17] 王婷儀(2007)。以虛擬經驗為基礎之個人化產品推薦系統建置。國立臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  2. [20] 呂錦棠(2003)。品牌形象與來源國形象關係之研究---產品屬性效果之探討。元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,桃園縣。
  3. [22] 吳瑜懷(2006)。伴侶社會比較之探討:比較對象之選擇及比較結果對自我評價的影響。中原大學心理學研究所碩士論文,桃園縣。
  4. [24] 吳雅靜(2007)。線上推薦來源對購買意願的影響。國立臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  5. [28] 張純甄(2007)。以網路訊號建立搜尋性與經驗性產品網站之信任。國立中央大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文,桃園縣。
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