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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 21 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] 韓明傑,迴轉彎曲法之彎管成形有限元素分析之探討,中興大學機械工程學系所,台中、台灣, 2008
  2. [5] H. LI, K.P. SHI, H. YANG, Y.L. TIAN, Springback law of thin-walled 6061-T4 Al-alloy tube upon bending, Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, Vol. 22, pp. 357-363, 2012
  3. [8] H. Li, H. Yang, F.F. Song, M. Zhan, G.J. Li, Springback characterization and behaviors of high-strength Ti–3Al–2.5V tube in cold rotary draw bending, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 212, pp. 1973-1987, 2012
  4. [11] Z.Q.Jiang,H.Yang, M. Zhan, Y.B.Yue, J.Liu, X.D.Xu, G.J.Li Establishment of a 3D FE model for the bending of a titanium alloy tube, International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, Vol.52, pp1115-11124, 2010
  5. [12] R.J. Gu, H. YangM. Zhan, H. Li, H.W. Li, Research on the springback of thin-walled tube NC bending based on the numerical simulation of the whole process, Computational Materials Science, Vol.42, pp.537-549, 2008
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