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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] K. R. M. N. Ratnayake, Y. Murai and T. Watanabe, “Novel carrier PWM scheme to control neutral point voltage fluctuation in three-level voltage source inverter,” Proc. of IEEE PEDS, Vol.2, pp. 663-667, July 1999.
  2. [2] Q. Song, W. Liu, Q. Yu, X. Xie and Z. Wang, “A neutral-point potential balancing algorithm for three-level NPC inverters using analytically injected zero sequence voltage,” Proc. of IEEE APEC, Vol. 1, pp. 228-233, February 2003.
  3. [3] J. Holtz and N. Oikonomou, “Neutral point potential balancing algorithm at low modulation index for three-level inverter medium voltage drives,” Proc. of IEEE IAS, Vol. 2, pp. 1246-252, October 2005.
  4. [4] N. Celanovic and D. Boroyevich, “A comprehensive study of neutral-point voltage balancing problem in three-level neutral-point-clamped voltage source PWM inverters,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 242-249, March 2000.
  5. [5] J. H. Seo. and C. H. Choi, “Compensation for the neutral-point potential variation in three-level space vector PWM,” Proc. of IEEE APEC, Vol. 2, pp. 1135-1140, March 2001.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃柏文(2009)。數位式交錯降壓型直流/直流轉換器之研製。臺北科技大學電機工程系研究所學位論文。2009。1-67。
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