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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 巫有鎰 (1999)。影響國小學生學業成就的因果機制—以台北市和台東縣作比較。國立台灣師範大學教育研究集刊,43,213-242。
  2. 林建平 (2003)。學習動機的認知理論及其在教育上的應用。國教新知,3,17-27。
  3. 邱上貞(1990)。學習策略教學的理論與實際。特殊教育與復健學報,1,1-50。
  4. 洪寶蓮(1990)。大學生學習與讀書策略量表之修訂及調查研究。國立彰化師範大學輔導研究所碩士論文。
  5. 孫清山、黃毅志 (1996)。補習教育、文化資本與教育取得。台灣社會學刊,19,95-139。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈綺婷(2010)。國中學生知覺補習班數理教師教學行為之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-99。 
  2. 雷定彊(2011)。從系統論觀點探討教育政策變革對升大學補教產業之影響。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2011。1-109。
  3. 江佩娟(2011)。外在因素對自然科學習成就之影響—以桃園市桃園國中七年級學生為例。大同大學生物工程學系所學位論文。2011。1-50。
  4. 吳志榮(2015)。補習班學生學習成效影響因素探討-國內某國、高中文理補習班之實證研究。朝陽科技大學企業管理系高階產業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-129。
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