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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 13. 曹嬿恆譯,改善.再生:源自豐田,持續改善,愈錯愈勇,臺灣:美商麥格羅.希爾國際股份有限公司,2012。
  2. 14. 王里仁,應用RFID於物流中心即時系統之研究-以EPC規範為基礎,碩士論文,。中原大學資訊管理學系,桃園,2005。
  3. 1. 劉仁傑 (2009)。由豐田系統學習入門,青出於藍…縫製業精實化,台商嬴日商。經濟日報經營管理編,造訪日期:2014年7月28日,file:///C:/Users/Jing/Desktop/%E6%AA%94%E6%A1%88%E4%B8%8B%E8%BC%89.pdf 。
  4. 2. 游慧芬,精實生產於製鞋業之運用,碩士論文,逢甲大學經營管理碩士在職專班,臺中,2007。
  5. 3. 黃紹裘,製鞋業發展現況與展望,工業總會服務網,2008,造訪日期:2014年7月28日,9 。
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