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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 133 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ﹝10﹞吳政融(民91),大學體育教師工作壓力及因應方式之研究。國立台灣師範大學體育學系研究所碩士論文。
  2. ﹝12﹞呂麗珍(民91),高中、高職會計學教師工作滿意度之研究。中原會計學系碩士學位論文。
  3. ﹝46﹞陳佩汝(民91),台北地區托兒所保育人員工作壓力與工作滿意度之研究。國立臺灣師範大學家政教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. ﹝64﹞黃義良(民90b),參與「小班教學計劃」的教師對其工作壓力的影響與調適需求之研究。國教新知,47(3),86-95。
  5. ﹝80﹞蔡璧煌(民78),國民中學教師壓力之研究。師大學報,34,75-114。
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳淑真(2009)。臺北縣國中資源班教師工作壓力、工作滿意及專業承諾之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-124。 
  2. 張碧蕊(2010)。台東縣太平榮家、馬蘭榮家安養養護機構工作人員工作滿意度及工作壓力相關因素探討。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2010。1-175。 
  3. 林冠君(2006)。臺灣地區空手道教練工作壓力、社會支持與工作滿意度之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2006。1-193。
  4. 蔡慧綺(2008)。應用德懷術與層級分析法探討公立高職教師兼任處室組長 工作壓力與因應之研究。臺北科技大學管理學院工業工程與管理EMBA專班學位論文。2008。1-148。
  5. 李淑馨(2009)。公立職業學校資訊科教師專業成長與工作滿意度關係之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2009。1-182。
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