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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王多智(1993)。國小美勞科教師教育專業能力之研究。國立臺灣師範大學工藝教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 王雅玄(1998)。德懷術(Delphi)在課程評鑑上之應用。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文。
  3. 田振榮(2001b)。以職場為導向學生能力標準架構與能力分析模式。技術及職業教育雙月刊,63,16-20。
  4. 江文雄等(1999)。技職校院學生能力標準建構與能力分析式之規劃。技術及職業教育雙月刊,54,2-8。
  5. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(1996)。153 汽車車體板金規範。2008年10月20日取自。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張勸媚(2013)。建構公立高中職學校行政職員在職訓練核心職能之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-122。 
  2. 楊穎琪(2011)。我國大學生核心能力指標現況調查與建構之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-288。 
  3. 曾元鴻(2013)。冷凍空調安裝技術人員專業能力分析之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-121。
  4. 游邵葳(2013)。企業導向學生校外實習能力評估:以國立臺北科技大學電資學院為例。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-114。
  5. 張佳旻(2015)。工業工程與管理系學生專業能力調查與專業課程設計。朝陽科技大學工業工程與管理系學位論文。2015。1-88。
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